Marshall plan, tool of US informal imperialism in Europe
On March 25, 1947, shortly after the Truman Doctrine speech, rumours circulated that koura would be the next beneficiary of American aid after Greece and Turkey, but by June, the Marshal plan idea had replaced this program. The Marshall Plan’s idea originated both from the vacuum left by Britain after her bankruptcy and her collapse as important centre of world power and from the speech delivered by Under Secretary of State dean Acheson at Cleveland in which he proposed to add economic tool along the military aid of the Truman Doctrine. According to Acheson, American economic aid and assistance must be concentrated in “areas where it will be most effective in building world political and economic stability in promoting human freedom and democratic institutions, in fostering liberal trade policies and in strengthening the authority of the United nations” The terms “human freedom” and “democratic institutions” mean that American aid and assistance should be go to those countries which accepted U . S understanding and interpretation of these words.
On June 5, 1947, Secretary Marshall delivered his famous speech at Harvard University. exploiting the destruction of Europe’s economy, Marshall proposed American help so as to contribute to the revival of a working economy and to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist. Undoubtedly, the Marshal plan was the continuance of the Truman doctrine of containment and encirclement of the Soviet Union especially when he warned that “governments, political parties or groups which seek to perpetuate human misery in order to profit therefrom political or otherwise will encounter the opposition if the United States” This was a cry from the principle of the Truman Doctrine that the Soviets must be ringed in and contained. Coming after the Truman Doctrine the Marshall Plan must be seen as economic weapon aiming at implementing the Truman doctrine. It was obvious that Marshall’s offer would not go to countries under Soviet control ; it was rather a move to consolidate Western Europe as a counter-weight to the concentration of Russian power in the east