European totalitarianism (2)

European totalitarianism (2)  In the aftermath of the First World War, the main concern of the victorious powers was less the peace in itself that of how dealing with this new and dangerous threat which was the Bolshevism. Indeed, Versailles's peace-settlement imposed by the major... [ Continue Reading ]

European totalitarianism (1)

European totalitarianism (1)     European totalitarianism can be traced back first to the "total war" waged by the French armies during the Revolution, to Bonaparte dictatorship and to his nineteenth century’s offshoot the Bonapartism embodied by Napoleon III and Bismarck and then to the First World... [ Continue Reading ]

Rise of Bonapartism (2)

Rise of Bonapartism (2) Behind the The rise and the srenghtening of Bonapartism after the Napoleonic wars in europe lay major changes and  radical innovation and the major and determinant fact the emergence of the working-xclass as an indepdendent and self-concious force in politics in... [ Continue Reading ]

Rise of Bonapartism (1)

Rise of Bonapartism (1) After the collapse of the democratic Republic of the Year II created with the aid of the sans-culottes, succeeded the property-owners' republic of Thermidor and the Directory, giving way to Bonaparte and his military dictatorship. With the accession of Robespierre and... [ Continue Reading ]

American totalitarianism (2)

American totalitarianism (2) . In the Postwar years, the United States became literally has bees benne firmly established. As in totalitarian Europe, the United States witnessed in the aftermath of the war and during interwar years witnessed the same phenomenon as in Italy and Germany.... [ Continue Reading ]

American totalitarianism (1)

American totalitarianism (1) Making a pretext of sinking of eight American vessels and of revealing of a "plot" to involve the United States in a war with Mexico and Japan, President Wilson appeared on April 2 1917 before the Congress and asked for a declaration... [ Continue Reading ]

Rise of American dictatorship (2)

Rise of American dictatorship (2) American dictatorship entred a new phase at the beginning of the ninettenth century with the netry to the White House of Andrew Lackson in 1828 jackson's inauguarated a new eraa in American dictatorship . Jackson had been described according to... [ Continue Reading ]