The Nazi-soviet Pacts : Stalin and Molotov’s geopolitcal masterpiece
The 1939 Nazi-Soviet pacts were concluded on August 23 between Nazi Germany and the USSR. The Nazi-Soviet pacts include two parts : the Non-Aggression Treaty and the Secret Protocol. The Non-Aggression Tretay bound the parties : (1) to “desist from any act of violence any aggressive action and any attack on each other either individually or jointly with other powers ; (2) to give no aid to any belligerent enemy of the other; (3) to maintain “continual contact” for consultation about “problems” affecting their common interest” ; (4) not to take part even indirectly in any grouping hostile to either ; and (5) to settle any disputes or conflicts by friendly exchange or through arbitration commissions.
the Secret Protocol named the northern boundary of Lithuania as the line between ” the spheres of influence of Germany and the U.S.S.R” Through Poland the line ran along the rivers Narew, Vistula and San. In south-eastern Europe, the soviets called attention to its interest in Bessarabia and the German side declares its full political disinterestedness in these areas.. The text of this last article is important because of later disagreement between the two parties over South-eastern Europe.
the both sides regarded the pact as a purely temporary arrangement before coming together. When the Munich men, the British and French leaders discovered belatedly the soviet Pact they were furious and in a rage, because all their efforts made during the five-year appeasement policy had flown to pieces. Hitler thought that it was not aware to leave the British and French in his rear while hi disposed of the Soviets. this deep suspicion was confirmed by his Pact with Soviets which obliged them to fight. the pact surpised them since they had hoped to neutralize Russia and even to destroy the Soviet regime at the hands of the Nazi Germany;
On September 3-4, 1939, Hitler invaded Poland and promptly and easily destroyed. At present Russia is not dangerous but no one can know how long it will remain so. in the meantime the partition of Poland had taken place without conflict between the soviets and Germans; After Hitler’s Blitzkrieg the German Government sent on September 3, 1939, an urgent telegraph requesting Russia to occupy her sphere of influence in Poland at once Molotov was surprised by the German speed and sought to avoid a joint announcement of Russia’s entry into the Polish struggle but agreed when Stalin’s draft was accepted;