Anti-communism : Early Anti-Reds Crusade
On November 18, 1918, Kolchak overthrow the somewhat democratic regime at Omsk; The allied intervened in behalf of Admiral Kolchak six months afzetr the armictice six months after any . This Allied intervention was done to a country which no one of the four nations(Britian, france, Japan and America) was at war. Tit constituted an official open and avowed attack on the Soviet government of Moscow Allied support to Kolchak constituted an intervention in a civil war a subsidy of one side against the other. In support of the Allied attempt to, defeat and destroy the Bolshevik government THE British Government gave Kolchak seventy-nine shiploads of supplies arms and equipment for 100 000 men but this army while advancing toward Moscow had been defeated and driven back thousands of miles along the Siberian railway in one of the most disastrous retreats of all time. The red Army captured Kolchak and shot him at Irkutsk. Lloyd George declared in the House of Commons Kolcjak’s effort to suppress the Reds had been aided by the presence of British, French American and Japanese troops east of Lake Baikal based on Vladivostok. The decision of the Allied to send troops to Vladivostok was made in July 1918 On July 2 the Allied Supreme War Council decided for intervention and on the 17th Washington notified the Allies that the United States would join the japanese in landing troops at Vladivostok the American troops remained in Siberia from mid—1918 to early 1920 But the Japanese stayed two years longer. In south Russia the intervention of France was still inglorious when the government sent 140 000 men to the Odessa region and the Crimea On April 4, 1919 General Denikine was informed that the French would control everything in their zone of occupation including “operations against the Bolsheviks. British intervention in South Russia was concentrated in the Caucasus provinces of Turkestan Georgia and Azerbaijan Denikine was forbidden to undertake any operations in the oil regions thus taken under British control. The British clung to Batum until July 1920
In December 1918 the British and French Governments made a special agreement dividing European Russia into two zones of occupation and influence the British zone including the Cossack regions the Caucasus Armenia Georgia and Kurdistan; the French zone comprised the Ukraine, Crimea and east to the Don river in this area the French made agreements with the White leaders giving them “control of Russian railways for fifty years and of economic and military policy for five years”
After the overthrow of Tsarist regime in Russia, there were some 45 000 to Czech deserters in western from the Austrian armies who had been fighting with the Russians. these men were organized by Thomas A Mazaryck for return to the Western front. In western Siberia suspicion developed between the Soviets and the Czechs. Trotsky ordered all the Czechs to be disarmed on pain of being shot on sight. While their National Council ordered them to comply they defied the authority of the Soviets and very soon controlled much of the Ural region and nearly all of the trans-Siberian railroad; British, French and American agents encouraged them and under their protection two anti-Soviet governments were set up. The seizure of effective power in Siberia by the Czechs was received with great satisfaction in Allied governmental circles the Czechs could be used to prevent the return of hundreds of thousands of prisoners of war to the central Powers in the wake of this gain it soon became apparent that the Soviet-Czech clash supplied the one element necessary for an international war against the reds with the hope of military success with such a vast area apparently torn from Soviet hands, it seemed feasible to the Allies to arm white forces for assaults on the central red area.
The Polish Invasion
After the Czechs invasion followed the Polish Invasion immediately after the defeat of Denikin’s greta advance toward Moscow the Red Army was confronted with a major war with Poland from December 22, 1919, to February 4, 1920, the Soviet government addressed three separate appeals for peace negotiations to Poland.